Russland (russisch Россия [rɐˈsʲijə] Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Aussprache, Transkription . Ballett, Theater und Oper; Malerei und Film; Feiertage; Architektur; Russische Volkskultur; Video; Sport; Medien. 3. Dezember Alles beginnt mit dem Dokumentarfilm "Geheimsache Doping - Wie Russland seine Sieger macht". Das Image des russischen Sports wird. Sept. Allerdings muss Russland der Wada bis zum Juni den Zugang zum Moskauer Analyselabor und den dortigen Doping-Daten und.
Denna stat kallas idag Tsarryssland. Under en stor del av Peter den stores tid som regerande tsar deltog Ryssland i det Stora nordiska kriget.
Tsar Nikolaj II svarade med att placera ut soldater, och ett antal demonstranter avled genom beskjutning. En provisorisk regering under Aleksandr Kerenskij installerades.
Efter freden i Brest-Litovsk drog sig Ryssland ur kriget. Stalin industrialiserade Sovjetunionen och skapade en stormakt av det tidigare omoderna landet.
It is ranked the top hockey league in Europe as of [update] ,  and the second-best in the world. KHL is on the 4th place by attendance in Europe.
Bandy , also known as Russian hockey , is another traditionally popular ice sport. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has continuously been one of the most successful teams, winning many world championships.
Association football is one of the most popular sports in modern Russia. The Soviet national team became the first European Champions by winning Euro In and , the Soviet Union won gold at the Olympic football tournament.
The Russian national football team reached the semi-finals of Euro , losing only to the eventual champions Spain. In , the Russian national basketball team won the European Basketball Championship.
Larisa Latynina , who currently holds the record for the most gold Olympic medals won by a woman, established the USSR as the dominant force in gymnastics for many years.
Figure skating is another popular sport in Russia, especially pair skating and ice dancing. With the exception of a Soviet or Russian pair has won gold at every Winter Olympics since Since the end of the Soviet era, tennis has grown in popularity and Russia has produced a number of famous players, including Maria Sharapova.
In martial arts, Russia produced the sport Sambo and renowned fighters, like Fedor Emelianenko. Chess is a widely popular pastime in Russia; from , Russian grandmasters have held the world chess championship almost continuously.
The Winter Olympics were held in Sochi in the south of Russia. Formula One is also becoming increasingly popular in Russia. There had only been two Russian Grands Prix in and , but the Russian Grand Prix returned as part of the Formula One season in , as part of a six-year deal.
Russia has the most Olympic medals stripped for doping violations 51 , the most of any country, four times the number of the runner-up, and more than a third of the global total, and athletes caught doping at the Olympics , also the most of any country.
From to , more than a thousand Russian competitors in various sports, including summer, winter, and Paralympic sports, benefited from a state-sponsored cover-up,      with no indication that the program has ceased since then.
This was the first football World Cup ever held in Eastern Europe , and the first held in Europe since Russia will also host games of the Euro There are seven public holidays in Russia ,  except those always celebrated on Sunday.
Orthodox Christmas falls on January 7, because the Russian Orthodox Church still follows the Julian calendar , and all Orthodox holidays are 13 days after Western ones.
Two other major Christian holidays are Easter and Trinity Sunday. Victory Day is the second most popular holiday in Russia; it commemorates the victory over Nazi Germany and its allies in the Great Patriotic War.
A huge military parade , hosted by the President of Russia , is annually organised in Moscow on Red Square. Similar parades take place in all major Russian cities and cities with the status Hero city or City of Military Glory.
State symbols of Russia include the Byzantine double-headed eagle , combined with St. George of Moscow in the Russian coat of arms.
The Russian flag dates from the late Tsardom of Russia period and has been widely used since the time of the Russian Empire. The Russian anthem shares its music with the Soviet Anthem , though not the lyrics.
The imperial motto God is with us and the Soviet motto Proletarians of all countries, unite! The hammer and sickle and the full Soviet coat of arms are still widely seen in Russian cities as a part of old architectural decorations.
The Soviet Red Stars are also encountered, often on military equipment and war memorials. The Red Banner continues to be honored, especially the Banner of Victory of Cheburashka is a mascot of the Russian national Olympic team.
Alexander Nevsky , St. Sergius of Radonezh and St. Chamomile is the national flower , while birch is the national tree. The Russian bear is an animal symbol and a national personification of Russia, though this image has a Western origin and Russians themselves have accepted it only fairly recently.
The native Russian national personification is Mother Russia. Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late Soviet period, first domestic tourism and then international tourism, fueled by the rich cultural heritage and great natural variety of the country.
Major tourist routes in Russia include a journey around the Golden Ring of ancient cities, cruises on the big rivers like the Volga , and long journeys on the famous Trans-Siberian Railway.
In , Russia was visited by The most visited destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and former capitals of the country.
Moscow displays Soviet architecture at its best, along with modern skyscrapers , while St Petersburg, nicknamed Venice of the North , boasts of its classical architecture, many rivers, canals and bridges.
The city has registered a brand The Third Capital of Russia , though a number of other major cities compete for this status, including Novosibirsk , Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod.
The warm subtropical Black Sea coast of Russia is the site for a number of popular sea resorts, like Sochi , the follow-up host of the Winter Olympics.
The mountains of the Northern Caucasus contain popular ski resorts such as Dombay. This unique lake, the oldest and deepest in the world, has crystal-clear waters and is surrounded by taiga -covered mountains.
Other popular natural destinations include Kamchatka with its volcanoes and geysers, Karelia with its lakes and granite rocks, the snowy Altai Mountains , and the wild steppes of Tuva.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Russia disambiguation.
Location of Russia green and Crimean peninsula controlled by Russia [note 1]. Grand Duchy of Moscow. Soviet Union and History of the Soviet Union.
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List of the largest trading partners of Russia , List of countries by oil exports , and List of countries by natural gas exports.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records , Science and technology in Russia , List of Russian scientists , and List of Russian inventors.
Water supply and sanitation in Russia. Demographics of Russia and Rossiyane. List of cities and towns in Russia by population.
Ethnic groups in Russia. Russian language , Languages of Russia , and List of endangered languages in Russia. Religion in Russia and Consecration of Russia.
Russian traditions , Russian jokes , Russian fairy tales , Russian cuisine , and Gopnik. Russian architecture and List of Russian architects.
Russian literature , Russian philosophy , Russian poets , Russian playwrights , Russian novelists , and Russian science fiction and fantasy.
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Yenisey is the current champion of the domestic league. The national team for women took the silver medal in the six first World Championships.
In the WCS , the first gold medal came. The rules of the game have many similarities to those of association football. The game is played on a rectangle of ice, the same size as a football field.
Each team has eleven players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A standard bandy match consists of two halves of 45 minutes each. The offside rule is also similar to that observed in football.
Biathlon is the most popular winter sport in Russia and ranking 1st in overall polls and TV viewership for the winter seasons.
Russia has had many successful biathletes and has won Olympic and World medals. Figure skating is another popular sport; in the s the Soviet Union rose to become a dominant power in figure skating, especially in pairs skating and ice dancing.
At every Winter Olympics from through , a Soviet or Russian pair won gold, often considered the longest winning streak in modern sports history. The streak ended in when a Chinese pair won gold in Winter Olympics , a Russian pair returned to winning gold in pairs at the Winter Olympics in Sochi.
The Russian Figure Skating Championships are a figure skating national championship held annually to determine the national champions of Russia.
The first Russian national competition was held on 5 March in St. The winner was V. From —present, official Russian national championships in figure skating were held.
The first national champion of Russia in figure skating was Alexandr Nikitich Panshin, who won the Russian nationals from to Between and Russian national championships in figure skating were not held.
Although short track is not as popular as long track in terms of results and history of winning tradition in Russia. It saw a major boost in popularity after the Sochi Olympics with Korean born Viktor Ahn who competed for Russia winning three gold medals in Sochi.
Other winter sports the Soviets or Russia have been strong in are bobsleigh , skeleton and luge. Basketball is a popular sport in Russia.
The Russian national basketball team is the heir of the Soviet Union national basketball team and has won several international titles.
Rugby union is a growing sport in Russia. Russia is ranked 17th worldwide by the International Rugby Board IRB ,  with over one hundred clubs and close to 20, players nationally.
Russian domestic rugby went professional in with the launch of the Professional Rugby League. After a post-Soviet lull, Russian players are again signing with major clubs in England and France.
Krasnoyarsk , a large Siberian city, has traditionally been the stronghold of Russian rugby union. Domestic matches are covered in the local media, and the intra-city derby match between sides Krasny Yar and Enisei-STM can attract large crowds.
Rugby football in the Russian Empire pre-dated the Russian Revolution by a number of years, but it was only played sporadically. It appears to have been the first non-indigenous football code to be played in Russia, around a decade before the introduction of association football.
Being the second-lowest-ranked team in the tournament, Russia performed comparatively well in their opening match, running the USA close in an encounter which was lost 6— This was followed by comprehensive losses against Italy 53—17 , Ireland 62—12 and Australia 68— Rugby league is a growing sport in Russia.
The first Australian rules football clubs in Russia were created in May , with groups starting practice matches in Moscow and Krasnoyarsk within a few weeks of each other.
Both fledgling clubs have been started by an expat Australian, but with the remainder of the playing group consisting of local Russians.
In there are five Australian Football clubs playing in a Moscow competition almost exclusively Russians. The visiting team representing Moscow was the Lazy Koalas.
The result was very lopsided, but the fact that a formal game was played outside Australia at all for such an insignificant sport was considered a success.
Lazy Koalas Moscow defeated Saint Petersburg 13 with the game called off at halftime due to a mercy rule taking effect. Since the end of the Soviet era, tennis has grown in popularity and Russia has produced a number of famous tennis players.
In recent years, the amount of top Russian women players has been considerable, with both Maria Sharapova and Dinara Safina reaching number one in the WTA rankings.
The Russian Federation has won the Fed Cup 4 times, in , , and The Russian men won the Davis Cup in and Rhythmic gymnastics is considered one of the most popular sports in Russia.
In addition, it is considered in general that Russia has the best rhythmic gymnasts. There are many rhythmic gymnastics clubs in Russia and the most famous one is the Gazprom School which Irina Viner teaches rhythmic gymnasts in Novogorsk, Moscow, where the Russian National team is also based.
Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, they competed together as one nation for the last time at the Summer Olympics as a "Unified Team" winning the gold.
Notable Russian gymnasts include: